A diet is the selection of foods and drinks that is consumed. A healthy diet supports the body’s needs and promotes health. People on a special diet may be following it to manage a health condition or for weight loss purposes. For example, a person with diabetes might choose foods that help manage blood sugar levels.

A good diet is a balanced diet that includes foods from each of the 5 food groups, in the recommended amounts. It is important to vary the foods you eat, as this helps to keep your interest and motivation in eating well.

Some foods are not essential and should be eaten occasionally, such as those high in salt, saturated fat, added sugars and kilojoules (such as fast foods, processed meats and sugary desserts). Cooking at home is an easy way to control the amount of kilojoules you consume.

Eating a balanced diet can help reduce the risk of heart disease, stroke, some cancers and other diseases. It also helps to prevent obesity, which can lead to heart disease, diabetes and some types of cancers. A healthier diet can save $71 billion in medical costs and lost lives every year in Australia. It is also important to eat enough protein, as it helps maintain muscle. Protein is found in many foods, including fish, lean meats, nuts and beans. It is also in vegetables, such as artichokes, asparagus, broccoli, kale and turnip greens. Adding these foods to your diet can help you reach your protein target without having to add meat. Kost

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